Ney (nai, nay) – An end-blown bamboo flute with a beautiful breathy sound.
The ney is used in Turkish, Persian & Arabic music. The ney being played in the photograph is an Arabic neys. Turkish neys are characterised by a UFO-shaped mouthpiece, known as the “bushparde”.  The Persian style of ney playing is slightly different – the ney is wedged between the players front teeth, with a resulting sound that is more breathy than the other styles.
The ney is one of the worlds most ancient instruments, and is portrayed in Ancient Egyptian art.  Although the design is simple, professional quality neys are hard to find, as it requires a lot of skill and bamboo to get correctly pitched ney.  As a consequence, neys made from PVC have become a common site, although the natural kind are preferred.